If you're considering living and working in Romania for an extended period, you'll need to navigate the process of obtaining a Romania residence permit. This comprehensive guide will walk you through the requirements, procedures, and essential information to make your relocation to Romania as smooth as possible.
Everyone intending to stay in Romania for longer than 90 days must secure a Romania residence permit. This includes citizens of the European Union (EU), European Economic Area (EEA), and Switzerland. While EU/EEA/Swiss citizens have a simpler process, non-EU/EEA/Swiss nationals must adhere to more specific requirements.
Foreign nationals wishing to stay in Romania for an extended period must acquire a Romania residence permit. This comprehensive guide will take you through the various aspects of the application process, including detailed information and specific requirements based on your nationality and the purpose of your stay.
For non-European Union (EU), European Economic Area (EEA), and Swiss citizens, the path to obtaining a Romania residence permit can be intricate, requiring careful planning and adherence to specific prerequisites. This section outlines the crucial steps and documentation necessary for a successful application.
The path to obtaining a Romania residence permit depends largely on the reason for your travel. Here are the essential steps to consider before you depart for Romania:
Once you've obtained the relevant authorization from the Romanian authorities, your next step is to apply for a Romania long-stay visa. The long-stay visa allows you to enter Romania legally with the purpose of subsequently applying for the Romania residence permit. It's crucial to note that you cannot apply for a residence permit if you've entered Romania with a short-stay visa.
Upon arriving in Romania with your long-stay visa, you must submit your residence permit application at a local General Inspectorate for Immigration office. The Romanian immigration authorities also offer an online application submission option to streamline the process and reduce waiting times. You can find the online application portal on their official website.
The processing time for a Romania residence permit application typically takes around 30 days after submitting all the required documents.
Citizens of the EU, EEA, and Switzerland have a less complicated process for obtaining a Romania residence permit. Instead of applying for a traditional residence permit, they are only required to register their residence at a local office of the General Inspectorate for Immigration in Romania. However, if they do not plan to work in Romania, they must demonstrate financial self-sufficiency.
The documentation and requirements necessary to obtain a Romania residence permit vary based on the purpose of your stay. Here's an overview of the key documents you'll need for each category:
Yes, it is possible to extend your Romanian residence permit. It is advisable to initiate the extension process at the local office of the General Inspectorate for Immigration at least three months before your current permit expires.
The duration of a Romanian residence permit varies depending on the purpose:
After residing in Romania with a temporary residence permit for at least five years and not exceeding a total of six months outside of Romania within that period, you may become eligible for a Romanian long-term residence permit. However, not all types of temporary residence permits are eligible for conversion into a long-term permit.
To obtain a Romania long-term residence permit, follow these steps:
It's essential to note that these requirements are not exhaustive, and the specific requirements may vary based on your individual circumstances and the current regulations. Therefore, it is highly recommended to consult with the Romanian immigration authorities in your place of residence in Romania for the most up-to-date and comprehensive information regarding the process.
Work permits are essential for non-European Union (EU)/European Economic Area (EEA)/Swiss foreign individuals seeking employment in Romania. This comprehensive guide explores the key aspects of obtaining a work permit in Romania, including types of work permits and recent simplifications in the application process.
Work permits are mandatory for non-EU/EEA/Swiss individuals intending to work in Romania. They are granted at the employer's request by Romanian immigration authorities. Work permits are essential to obtain a long-stay visa or residence permit for employment or assignment purposes. In Romania, foreigners cannot work legally without a valid work permit.
A work permit in Romania does not provide general authorization to work in the country. Instead, it is tied to a single employer (the one who requested it) and a specific job position. If a foreign worker changes employers or job positions, they must secure a new work permit, even if their existing one is still valid.
However, recent simplifications have been introduced for certain cases. Foreign workers who change jobs with the same employer or move to a new employer can do so without providing proof of selection or payment of obligations to the state budget. Instead, they need to submit a clean statement of their criminal record issued by Romanian authorities.
Work permits in Romania vary based on the type of work-related activity and the qualifications of the foreign worker. Here are the main types:
Apart from the main categories mentioned above, Romania offers work permits for seasonal workers, interns, au pair workers, and cross-border workers. These specialized permits cater to different employment scenarios and requirements, ensuring that the Romanian workforce remains diverse and accommodating to various foreign workers.
Anyone planning to stay in Romania for more than 90 days, regardless of nationality, must obtain a residence permit.
The process depends on the purpose of travel, such as work, study, or family reunification. Employers must secure work authorization, students need authorization from the Ministry of Education, and family members must have a sponsor obtain authorization.
No, you must first enter Romania with a long-stay visa based on your purpose of travel and then apply for the residence permit.
Generally, it takes about 30 days to process a residence permit application after you've submitted all the required documents.
EU/EEA/Swiss citizens need to register their residence at a local General Inspectorate for Immigration office in Romania. If they don't intend to work and support themselves, they must demonstrate financial self-sufficiency.
Yes, it is possible to apply for an extension of your Romanian residence permit. It is recommended to apply at least three months before the current permit's expiration.
The duration of a Romania residence permit depends on the purpose of stay. For employment, it's usually the duration of the work contract plus an additional three months, not exceeding three years. For studying, it may be granted for up to one year. Family reunification permits match the sponsor's residence permit duration, with a maximum of five years.
A Romanian long-term residence permit is available to those who have lived in Romania with a temporary residence permit for at least five years. To apply, you must first request long-term residency rights from the General Inspectorate for Immigration in your county and submit the required documents.
No, not all types of temporary residence permits can be converted into a long-term residence permit. Some specific purposes, such as international students, asylum seekers, seasonal workers, or au pair workers, may not be eligible for this conversion.